THE ROUTE’S STAGES:
This itinerary is still under design, will soon be available with all the information about the stages.
FROM PROTONURAGHE TO THE COMPLEX NURAGHE
We are at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, during the age of ancient bronze and, remembering the megalithism that characterized the previous millennia, the Sardinians of the time began to build new and special cyclopic structures (realized with boulders of gigantic size) looking at huge heaps of large stones: the protonurages.
These are more ancient and preparatory constructions of the classical nuraghe, less developed in height and most in width, compared with the harmonious and slender forms that will be the nuraghi’s own “monotorre” (only one tower) before and above all of the later “complex” nuraghs. Often the protonuraghi proposed one or more corridors on the ground floor, resulting in the term “nuraghe at the corridor”. These structures and above all their subsequent evolution, which give the name to Nuragic Civilization. It should not be forgotten that at that time the most imposing man-made structure was the Egyptian pyramids and shortly thereafter, the nuraghi that were in Sardinia, perhaps more complex than the pyramids. This is because the nuragics built them dry (without the use of mortar or cements) and made it possible for them to withstand only the weight of the stones, one against each other, to constitute stone giants with all their environments and steps taken inside.
These complex towers were often built on three floors, with three large rooms with tholos vaulted one above the other and a spiral internal staircase that connected them to the top terrace. A unique and excellent architectural complexity for the era that required a huge amount of resources. Nuraghe is still today the most widespread antique structure throughout Sardinia, and it has been censored between 7000 and 8000. The most impressive are the “complex” nuraghs, structures whose central towers were flanked by the nuragics and other towers, linking them together with fortified ramparts (gigantic walls), using the same technique; on the top of the towers and the walled walls stood the balconies outward reminding of the medieval castles, but built 3000 years earlier.
At this stage, we see an apparent exclusivity of the spirituality of the people in Sardinia for the cult of death, we find this in the structures called Tombs of the Giants, built in various typologies and techniques, composed of a corridor with walls projecting made in orthostats or lines of stones, topped with giant flat stones or closed to the ogive, with the stele and the exedra in the frontal part, it comes through a gradual passage that begins in Neolithic age from the Domus de Janas to the dolmenic tombs and so to this latter collective, megalithic and increasingly monumental tombs.
If the first part of the nuragic period is characterized by the construction of the nuraghes, in the second phase there are other types of buildings, including well-preserved sacred wells, temples and complex sanctuaries, representing the manifestation of a new spiritual flowering. In this second period we can also find the beautiful small bronze statues and famous sculptures of the Giants of Mont’e Prama that are upsetting the history of ancient sculpture in the Mediterranean, anticipating for centuries the big Greek sculpture made using a single stone. We leave you with a question: what was the function of the nuraghes? By participating in our itinerary we will try together to find out!